On 14 June 2016, the Southeast European Leadership for Development and Integrity (SELDI) held a policy workshop entitled “Strengthening Resilience to Corruption and State Capture in Southeast Europe”. The event was dedicated to the issues of anti-corruption and energy sector good governance in the Western Balkans and Turkey. SELDI, the largest CSO anti-corruption coalition in Southeast Europe, discussed with local and regional stakeholders the best methods for transforming the existing cutting-edge anti-corruption and good governance research into efficient policy and advocacy tools.
SELDI presented the main findings of its 2016 Corruption Monitoring System in SEE, which warns that political corruption has replaced petty bribery both as the dominant concern of national and international reformists and as the cause of most social and economic damage. Moreover, the audience Regional Energy Governance and State Capture Assessment Report examines the impact of corruption and state capture on the overall governance of the energy sector and detects the key drives and consequences of state capture of energy institutions.
The survey findings show that between 10% and 50% of adult citizens in the countries studied were asked to give bribe in the past year (Figure 1). Also, on the one hand, the greatest reduction in corruption pressure occured in Bulgaria, Montenegro and Serbia and, on the other hand, this pressure increased in Bosnia, Macedonia and Kosovo (Figure 2).
Figure 1: Corruption pressure and involvement in corruption in 2016
Figure 2: Differences in corruption pressure between 2014 and 2016
The SELDI project is implemented by a consortium led by the Center for the Study of Democracy (Bulgaria), and co-funded by the European Union and the Central European Initiative (CEI).