The last years have seen an impressive rise of the role of religion in many countries. Free elections seem increasingly to be used by religious political groups to advance their political agenda, which seems a rule opposed to the separation of State and Church practiced in the Western liberal democracies.
The Danish Mahomet cartoons and the reaction they encountered in many Muslim countries have brought to forefront fresh issues of the role of religion in global politics. What has caused this unprecedented wave of identity politics? Is radical Islamism turning into a new anti-Western ideology as Marxism-Leninism was? What is instrumental, and what is primordial in the drive towards religion as a political factor? What explains the appeal of this new ideology? What role should institutions, such as secular political parties and established Churches play in this debate? Is the secular model of state under threat?
Summary and abstracts:
3. A Christian or a Laic Europe – by Camil Ungureanu (full text)
4. Some reflections on religion and multiculturalism in Romania – by Silviu Rogobete
5. Church-State relations in postcommunist Romania – by Felicia Alexandru
6. Debating moralities in the ducational system of contemporary Serbia – by Jelena Tosic
7. Secularism in Republic of Moldova – by Sergiu Panainte
8. The consent of state and the blessing of the church – by Daniela Kalkandjieva
9. The chance of civil society in central Asia – by Ioana Ban
10. The EU’s public discourse on enlargement and the EU constitutional treaty – by Cosmina Tanasoiu
11. Review -Byzantine Ecclesiology in a new member state. The Romanian case – by Petre Guran (full text)