The Romanian Academic Society in collaboration with the Faculty of Political Science of the University of Bucharest, organized the lecture “THE NEW HUNGARIAN CONSTITUTION: Regulatory Bodies in an Illiberal Democracy”. The event was held on November 5th at the Faculty of Political Sciences in Spiru Haret St., No. 8.
About the lecturer
Dr. Vincze, LL.M. has studied law at the Eötvös Loránd University in Budapest, Munich (LMU) and Heidelberg. Currently, as Reader in law and Vice dean of the Faculty of Comparative Law and Governance at the Andrassy University of Budapest, he teaches comparative and EU public law.
Although a number of autonomous bodies had been established during and after the transition in the early 90s, their constitutional role, the rationale and the limits of their independence had not been conceptualized for a long period. The National Bank was virtually ignored by constitutional lawyers, the Competition or Financial Supervision Authority were seen as purely administrative bodies and their independence as a question of organizational nature. The lecture portrays the possible causes of this lacking scientific interest and the consequences with reference to the case-law of the Constitutional Court on organizational autonomy and regulatory powers. The second part of the lecture will show the establishment of regulatory bodies since 2010. Although the new Fundamental Law of Hungary devoted special provisions to them there is still confusion and misunderstanding concerning the nature of these bodies. The right-wing coalition redesigned most of the regulatory bodies according to actual political interests, and many commentators suggest that one may be an eyewitness not only of a regulatory but also of a state capture. Therefore, three bodies deserve a special attention: the National Bank, the Budget Council and the Energy Regulatory Body. In the focus are their independence, regulatory powers and accountability.
The event has been organized in framework of the IDEAS Programme, Project PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3 0115, “Governance/Government: the semantics of constitutional autonomy” financed by the UEFISCDI.