Governance/Government-The Semantics of Constitutional Autonomy

Fundamental Research Project (PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0115, Exploratory Research Projects-IDEAS Program) funded by the UEFISCDI

Implementation period: October 2011 – October 2015

Funded by the Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding.

Research Project Director: 

Dr. Bogdan Iancu, Lecturer, University of Bucharest – CV 

Research Team:

Dr. Elena Simina Tănăsescu, Professor, University of Bucharest (Senior Researcher)

CVList of Publications

Dr. Diana-Lavinia Botău, Lecturer,  Babeș-Bolyai University (Junior Researcher) – CV

Ph.D. Lucian Bojin, Lecturer,  West University of Timişoara (Junior Researcher) – CV

Project description:

This project assesses the problematic of administrative autonomy, regarded as a process of gradual isolation of decisional spaces within the structure of the classical constitutional state. The concept of  ‘governance’ is employed in contrast with the term ‘government’, in order to highlight the ambiguity of the contemporary neutralization, autonomization, fragmentation, and formalization of public decision-making processes and the ensuing transformation of classical legitimity models.

The project aims to identify the conditions of the possibility governing the autonomy of administrative decisions within the contemporary constitutional paradigm, in order to answer the following questions:

1.  What are the constitutive causes that have influenced the prevailing contemporary phenomenon of decisional neutralization and autonomization within the constitutional state; and

2.  To what extent, under which circumstances, and with what consequences can decision-making processes and institutions be removed from the sphere of democratic control, exercised by the classical political branches of government (the Executive and the Legislative).

The practical side of the research will focus primarily on the case study of recent Romanian developments. In particular, we will analyze the autonomization of certain processes and institutions as an effect of constitutional interferences linked to the European Union accession process (e.g.: the National Integrity Agency, the Superior Council of the Magistracy, the National Anti-Corruption Department). The epistemological perspective of the project is fundamental research. The research method will be comparative and inter-disciplinary.

Dr. Bogdan Iancu is a Lecturer in Public Law at the Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Bucharest. Doctorate in law (summa cum laude) at the Central European University (2006). Has researched at the faculties of law of the University of Toronto and McGill University, the Yale Law School, and at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. Has lectured at McGill University and Université de Montréal (2002-2004). Alexander von Humboldt Research Fellowship at the University of Bremen, Faculty of Law and the the Faculty of Law of the Humboldt University in Berlin (2008-2010). Related recent publications: (Ed.) The EU as the Paradigm of Future European Statehood (New Europe College: Bucharest, 2007), (Ed.) The Law/Politics Distinction in Contemporary Public Law Adjudication (Utrecht and Portland, OR: Eleven International Publishing, 2009), and Legislative Delegation: The Erosion of Normative Limits in Modern Constitutionalism (Heidelberg, NY, etc.: Springer Verlag, forthcoming, February 2012).

Project Results:

I. Events organized within the project:

I.1. Conference on “The Legitimacy of Modern State and Law in the Age of Globalization”

I.2. Conference on “The Political and Social Functions of the Preambles to the New Post-Communist Constitutions”

I.3. International Conference, Governance/Government-The Semantics of Constitutional Autonomy (Ro)

Conference program and note from the convener (En)

II. Publications resulted from the project:

1. Simina Elena Tănăsescu, « L’exception d’inconstitutionnalité qui ne dit pas son nom ou la nouvelle sémantique constitutionnelle roumaine » forthcoming in Revue Internationale de Droit Comparé (ISI)

2. Bogdan Iancu, “Serenity in Overcoming Crises”: A Parochial Gloss on the Transnational Shift in Constitutional Vocabularies, Studia Politica, Vol. XIII, No. 1, 2013, pp. 9-23 (BDI)

3. Bogdan Iancu, “Romania under EU Influence: Note on the Constitutive Limits of External Constitutional Interventions”, PolSci-Romanian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2012, pp. 53-76 (ISI)

4. Bogdan Iancu, “Separation of Powers and the Rule of Law in Romania: The Crisis in Concepts and Contexts”, forthcoming in Armin von Bogdandy and Pal Sonnevend (Eds.), Constitutional Crisis in the European Constitutional Area, forthcoming with Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2014, http://www.hartpub.co.uk/books/details.asp?isbn=9781849464642

5. Bogdan Iancu and Simina Elena Tănăsescu (Eds.), Governance/Government-Administrative Neutrality in the Constitutional State (under contract with Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, Berlin, NY, etc.))

6. Lucian Bojin “The Presumption against Delegation in Public Law. Was the Import from Private Law Really Justified?” forthcoming in the Romanian Journal of Comparative Law.

Partner Institutions:

1. Faculty of Political Science, University of Bucharest

2. Center for the Study of Constitutional Law and Political Institutions/Centrul De Drept Constitutional si Institutii Politice al Universitatii din Bucuresti (CDCIP)

2016

I. EVENTS ORGANIZED AND PARTICIPATION OF THE RESEARCH TEAM MEMBERS IN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES, WITH PAPER PRESENTATIONS AND LECTURES RELATED TO THE PROJECT

1. Bogdan Iancu, participare la conferința Europenizarea dreptului administrativ si codificarea procedurii administrative, cu lucrarea Administrative ‘Agentification’ as Quasi-Constitutional Depoliticization: Metamorphoses of Institutional Neutrality. Conferința a fost co-organizată in 13-14 mai a.c., de Facultatea de Științe Politice, Administrative și ale Comunicării – Centrul de Studii privind Buna Guvernare, Facultatea de Drept – Școala Doctorală de Drept din cadrul Universității Babeș-Bolyai și ELSA Cluj-Napoca.

2. Bogdan Iancu, prelegerea „The Emergency Paradigm in Crisis: Structural Challenges to the Classical Approach, subsectiunea (panel) Executives’ Emergency Powers under the State of Exception, sectiunea Presidential Politics. Powers and Constraints in Comparative Perspective”, în cadrul Coferinţei ECPR organizată la Charles University. Conferinţa a avut loc la Praga, în perioada 07 – 10 septembrie 2016.

3. Bogdan Iancu (Universitatea din București), moderator sectiune si prelegerea Ambiguitati identitare in constitutiile Romaniei moderne: 1866, 1923, 1991. Masa rotundă « Le phénomène de la migration et ses implications sur le droit national »/Fenomenul migrației și implicațiile sale asupra dreptului național, 30 septembrie 2016, organizata de Asociatia Romana de Drept Constitutional si CEREFREA, Villa Noël – Universitatea din București, Strada Emile Zola, Sector 1, București
http://www.villanoel.ro/evenimente-det/vrs/IDev/263

4.  Simina Tănăsescu (Université de Bucarest),La gestion des flux migratoires en Europe et la position de la Roumanie

5. Lucian Bojin, Lucian Bojin (Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara), Interferențe între dreptul constituțional român și dreptul internațional public privind fenomenul migrației 

II. PUBLICATIONS resulted from the project

1. Volumul proiectului, publicare la editură de prestigiu internațional [CNATDCU A1]

2. Bogdan Iancu si Simina Tanasescu, contract pentru volumul conferintei, cu editura Routledge, semnat 29.09.2016, titlul Governance and Constitutionalism: Law, Politics and Institutional Neutrality (300 de pagini, predare pe 1 septembrie 2017, manuscris în lucru)

Chapters and Articles

3. Lucian Bojin, manuscris pentru volumul conferintei, predat spre publicare, cu titlul THE PEOPLE, THE EXPERTS AND THE POLITICIANS. IS EXPERTISE A CHALLENGE TO DEMOCRATIC LEGITIMACY? 3. Bogdan Iancu, capitol in Blokker, Paul, https://www.routledge.com/Constitutional-Acceleration-within-the-European-Union-and-Beyond/Blokker/p/book/9781138211070
(predat, in curs de publicare)

4. Bogdan IANCU (2016), Standards of ‘Good Governance’ and Peripheral Constitutionalism: The Case of Post-Accession Romania. In Giancarlo Corsi, AlbertoFebbrajo (eds.), Sociology of Constitutions: A Paradoxical Perspective, Routledge, London & NY, pp. 180-197. [CNATDCU A1]

5. Simina TANASESCU, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, “Effective judicial protection on EU law and Romanian courts”, forthcoming in Transylvanian Review of Administrative Science (ISSN 2247 – 8310, ISSN – L = 1842 – 2845)

Other Publications

6. Lucian Bojin, recenzie eseu la Cathrine Holst, Ed., Experții și deciziile politice, NRDO 1/2016 https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=343188

7. Bogdan Iancu, recenzie în curs de apariție în European Law Review, la cartea http://www.bloomsburyprofessional.com/uk/central-european-judges-under-the-european-influence-9781849467742/ (Michal Bobek (ed.), Central European Judges under European Influence, Hart Publishing, 2016).

III. Project Implementation Report for 2016

2015

I. EVENTS ORGANIZED AND PARTICIPATION OF THE RESEARCH TEAM MEMBERS IN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES, WITH PAPER PRESENTATIONS AND LECTURES RELATED TO THE PROJECT

BOGDAN IANCU (Project Director)

1. Institutul Național de Istorie “Nicolae Iorga”, Bd. Aviatorilor 1, Sesiunea Anuală de Comunicări Științifice – Despre ambiguitate în istorie: neînțelegeri, duplicitate, echivoc, Dec. 7-8, 2015, cu prelegerea Ambiguitatea sistemică ca element constitutiv al Constituției și al dreptului constituțional.

2. Workshop German influences upon the Romanian Law-A Comparati Analysis/Influențe germane în dreptul românesc-o analiză comparativă, Academia română, Institutul de Cercetări Juridice Acad. N. Rădulescu, 30-31 octombrie. prelegere cu titlul Mere Word Translation or Norm Transfer-The Example of Human Dignity, 30 octombrie (Institutul Rădulescu, Sala de Conferințe).

3. Conferința 160 de ani de invatamant juridic ieșean, Sectiunea drept public
23-25-octombrie-2015 Universitatea Al I Cuza Iași, Facultatea de drept, 23-25 octombrie a.c. Cu prelegerea Independența justiției ca principiu constituțional și standard de ‘bună guvernanță’ – tensiuni și ambivalențe ale globalizării dreptului.

4. Workshop, Science of Constitutions : Measures of Success and Failure, organized by Oxford University and Foundation for Law, Justice and Society (Oxford), at Oxford University (Wolfson College), June 1-2, 2015, with paper on : “Constitutional Adjudication as an Indicator of Constitutional Success”

SIMINA ELENA TĂNĂSESCU (Senior Researcher)

1. Convener of the workshop « Le rôle des autorités administratives indépendantes dans les transitions démocratiques » organized at  Collège juridique franco-roumain d’études européennes, Faculty of Law, University of Bucharest, November 7, 2015

II. PUBLICATIONS resulted from the project

BOGDAN IANCU (Project Director)

1. Chapter (Romania- Constitutional Paradoxes of Accession), forthcoming in Anneli Albi (Ed.) The Role of National Constitutions in European and Global Governance (The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press 2015.

2. “Standards of ‘Good Governance’ and Peripheral Constitutionalism: The Case of Post-Accession Romania”, forthcoming in  Giancarlo Corsi, Alberto Febbrajo (eds.), Sociology of Constitutions: A Paradoxical Perspective, Ashgate, Aldershot, 2016.

3. Independența justiției ca principiu constituțional și standard de ‘bună guvernanță’ – tensiuni și ambivalențe ale globalizării dreptului. In T. Toader și I. M. Costea (Coord.), Conferința 160 de ani de învățământ juridic ieșean, Ed. Hamangiu, București, 2015 pp. 156-164.

4.  “Constitutionalism between Transplant and Irritation: The Case of XIX-Century Romanian Modernization,” chapter in Konflikt und Koexistenz. Die Rechtsordnungen Südosteuropas im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert Bd. I: Rumänien, Bulgarien, Griechenland, ed. by Gerd Bender and Michael Stolleis (Eds.) Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt a. M., 2015, pp. 459-480.

5.   “Separation of Powers and the Rule of Law in Romania: The Crisis in Concepts and Contexts,” chapter in Armin von Bogdandy și Pál Sonnevend (Eds.), Constitutional Crisis in the European Constitutional Area: Theory, Law and Politics in Hungary and Romania, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2015, pp. 153-169.

SIMINA ELENA TĂNĂSESCU (Senior Researcher)

1. The Romanian Constitutional Judge: Lost in Transition, in in (ed.) Miodrag JOVANOVIC, Constitutional Review and Democracy, Eleven International Publishing, The Hague, 2015, p.223-252 (ISBN 978-94-6236-512-4) (with footnote mentioning that the paper is the result of the research project PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0115 Governance/ Government – The Constitutional Semantics of Autonomy).

2. „Les reformes territoriales en Roumanie”, Revue française de droit administratif n°5/2015, p.710-717 .

3. “Consiliul Fiscal din Romania”, forthcoming in Echilibrul bugetar. Impact normativ și instituțional. Efecte asupra protecției drepturilor fundamentale, Elena Simina Tănăsescu and Eric Oliva (eds.), Editura Hamangiu, București, 2015 (ISBN 978-606-27-0481-0)

III. Project Implementation Report for 2015  

2014

I. EVENTS ORGANIZED WITHIN THE PROJECT

1. Lecture, followed by discussion, on The New Hungarian Constitution-Regulatory Bodies in an Illiberal Democracy, November 5, 2014, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Bucharest (Conf. Univ. Dr. Attila Vincze, Andrassy University of Bucharest)
http://evenimente.juridice.ro/tag/attila-vincze
http://evenimente.juridice.ro/tag/attila-vincze

II. PARTICIPATION OF THE RESEARCH TEAM MEMBERS IN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES, WITH PAPER PRESENTATIONS AND LECTURES RELATED TO THE PROJECT

Bogdan Iancu (Project Director)

1. Lecture and workshop: The Break-Up of Nations: The Constitutional Dimensions, Using Ukraine as a Case Study, November 27-28, Wolfson College/The Foundation for Law, Justice and Society, University of Oxford, lecture on ‘Constitution Making’ (November 28) http://www.ox.ac.uk/event/break-nations-constitutional-dimensions-using-ukraine-case-study

2. Conference on Shaping Constitutional Rules for a Balanced Budget-Façonner des règles constitutionnelles pour l’équilibre budgétaire, University of Bucharest, Faculty of Law, November 21-22, presentation on “Balanced budget rule and transversality of agencies” (November 21) http://www.iacl-aidc.org/fr/activites/prochaines-activites/245-aidc-table-ronde-aidc-21-22-novembre-2014.

3. Seminar on Constitutionalism and Transition in Eastern Europe: 25 years after, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Bulgaria, November 11, 2014, presentation on Romanian Constitutionalism in post-1989 Transition(s).

4. Fermo Summer School, Constitutionalisms and Legal Cultures, August 25-29, 2014, lecture on “Good Governance Standards and Peripheral Constitutionalism”.

5. Conference on Constitutional Challenges within the EU and Beyond, Central European University, Legal Studies Department, event organized by the Legal Studies Department, CEU, and the CoPolis Project, University of Trento, Central European University, Budapest, March 14, 2014, paper presentation on “Constitutional Revision in Romania. Post-Accession Pluralism in Action”.

ELENA SIMINA TANASESCU

Co-chair of workshop 12 „Constitutions and financial crisis”, IACL-AIDC Congress, 16-20.06.2014, Oslo (NORWAY).

LUCIAN BOJIN

The 10th edition of the International Biennial Conference, Timişoara (Romania), 17 – 18 October 2014, presentation on “Transplants from Constitutional Law into International Law or Viceversa? Changes of Paradigm concerning the Role of the Individuals in the Two Systems”.

III. PUBLICATIONS

BOGDAN IANCU

1. “Separation of Powers and the Rule of Law in Romania: The Crisis in Concepts and Contexts,” chapter in Armin von Bogdandy și Pál Sonnevend (Eds.), Constitutional Crisis in the European Constitutional Area: Theory, Law and Politics in Hungary and Romania, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2014, pp. 153-169 (in print)

2.”Good Governance” Standards and Peripheral Constitutionalism-The Case of Post-Accession Romania, manuscript to be submitted for publication in Alberto Febbrajo, Constitutionalism and Legal Cultures, under contract with Ashgate.

3. “Constitutionalism between Transplant and Irritation: The Case of XIX-Century Romanian Modernization,” chapter in Konflikt und Koexistenz. Die Rechtsordnungen Südosteuropas im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert Bd. I: Rumänien, Bulgarien, Griechenland, Gerd Bender and Michael Stolleis (Eds.) Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt a. M., forthcoming in spring 2015.
(Konflikt und Koexistenz. Die Rechtsordnungen Südosteuropas im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Bd. I: Rumänien, Bulgarien, Griechenland, hg. von Gerd Bender und Michael Stolleis unter Mitarbeit von Jani Kirov).

ELENA SIMINA TANASESCU

„Les changements nécessaires dans l’enseignement du droit constitutionnel”, in Key Developments in Constitutionalism and Constitutional Law, (eds.) Lidija BASTA FLEINER & Tanasije MARINCOVIC, Eleven International Publishing, The Hague, 2014, p.231-236 (ISBN 978-94-6236-396-0)

BOGDAN IANCU and ELENA SIMINA TANASESCU

Manuscript Proposal for Edward Elgar Publishing: “Governance/Government-Political Neutrality and the Constitutional State”.

Project implementation report

One Response to Governance/Government-The Semantics of Constitutional Autonomy

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